Coins are small, flat objects that usually have a circular shape. They are made of different kinds of metals, especially precious metals, and in rare cases, they could be made of other types of materials including ceramics or even plastics. Coins have been used as far back as the periods before the birth of Christ. They are created in large quantities in places called "mints" and are mainly used as legal tenders. This valuable item's usefulness stretches beyond being just used as a means of exchange. Coins are important entities in many other human engagements, they are used most significantly in performing magic tricks, start sporting matches, settle misunderstandings, and gambling.
Coin tossing or flipping is a popular means of gambling that is patronized by several gamblers. A minted piece is structured in a way that it has two sides, one of its sides most times has a head of a significant figure engraved on it. This side of the coin is called "Heads", while its opposite side is called "Tails". It is called tails not because it contains a tail engraved on it, tail is derived solely from it being opposite to the heads side. Coin tossing, spinning or flipping all have similar rules that guide how they are played. These games are normally played between two people, where they both try to guess what side of the minted piece will be up after this object has been tossed, spun, or flipped.
The winner is any player that made the correct guess of the outcome. This particular activity has drawn attention from academicians who use this process to study the concept of probability. A fair coin, if tossed offers an equal chance of the two players winning, this is why this event is so patronized in gambling. However, in reality, it is not fair, several factors exist that could favor the minted piece falling on one of its sides to the other. These factors shift the balance of each outcome occurring from 50/50 to either of the sides.
Gamblers can easily take advantage of these factors and tip the odds in their favor, to make them always have the upper hand against their opponents. One thing to know is that there is nothing like a fair coin. The center of gravity is always shifted towards the head since it usually has a higher weight than the tail. Therefore, when a coin is fairly spun there is a higher chance of falling headfirst, which means whoever chooses tail has an upper hand. The way the minted piece is tossed can affect the outcome greatly, and some times gamblers practice coin toss to be able to manipulate the outcome to their favor.
Many ways exist where the heads/tails outcome can be rigged by players. The certainty of victory can't be assured by luck, the only means to always win at the game of heads/tails is by cheating. Although the odds of tossing a coin is not fair to both parties, a fair toss doesn't guarantee victory to any of the parties.